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初中英语写作思维导图,掌握住,英语作文不再难!

一提到写英语作文,很多同学都无从下笔,总是“提笔就写”,没有规划。这样做的后果是,作文篇章结构不清晰,内容选择可能会脱离主题,从而影响作文的总体得分。为了帮助大家解决这一难题,杭杭带来了英语写作思维导图,让你以后作文提笔前胸有成竹!


一、写作时需考虑哪些方面的因素

(1)本话题所需要的词块、语块。

(2)本话题的写作模板结构等。

(3)本话题所涉及到的经典名句、谚语等。


二、写作时遇到的困惑与对策


困惑1:写什么?


以《How to learn well?》为题,写一篇作文,那么我们应该如何入手开始写作呢?来看看以下两张思维导图,能够帮你整理好一篇作文的写作框架。


困惑2:如何选材?


即使知道了写作框架,但在补充框架时又会遇到另一个困惑,那就是如何选材。


对策:

1.选定英语导图各区域所需的词块和语块。

2.将各区域的词块和语块按段落写成连贯的语篇。

3.对照思维导图自我批改,注意人称、时态语态、句型结构的正确使用。



困惑3:文章不够吸引力


写作句式单一,同样的意思不会用不同的句式去表达,因此文章大多雷同,缺乏个性。


对策:

1.尽量用不同句式来表达相同意思,并尽量选择更好的句式。

2.短文写作,表达力求精悍、生动、丰富,避免重复用一样的句式。

3.特别注意使用承上启下的词语和句子。


三、思维导图英语作文写作的思考流程


1. 审题、理清思路:考虑写什么(挑选关键词,搭建作文框架)。

2. 选择词语:根据话题和作文框架选用所需要的语料(词块和语块)。

3. 遣词造句:根据思维导图中的语料,用合适的句型写作。

4. 语篇定稿:根据思维导图修改润色作文——紧扣主题、表达准确,关联自然,语篇流畅。



实例1

假如你有两位同学——芳芳和明明,参加了上星期二学校组织的英语演讲比赛,他们的不同表现使你深有感触。请你根据下列表各中的内容提示写一篇英语短文。

参考词汇:英语演讲比赛 English Speech Contest

要求:

1. 词数:80~100个。

2. 短文开头已给出,不计入总词数。

3. 要点齐全,行文连贯,可适当发挥。


Last Tuesday Fangfang and Mingming entered the English Speech Contest in our school. What they did makes me think deeply. Before the contest, Fangfang thought_____________________________________________________.


范文1


Last Tuesday Fangfang and Mingming entered the English Speech Contest in our school. What they did makes me think deeply.

Before the contest, Fangfang thought she was good at English, so she didn't need to spend more time on the contest at all. She spent a lot of time in choosing clothes. But Mingming was different. He worked hard at English and asked others for help. Though he hurt his leg two days before the contest, he didn't give up.

In the end, Fangfang didn't get ready well enough. At the contest, she was so nervous that she she failed. But Mingming won because he tried his best.

In my opinion, we should learn from Mingming. Work hard and make progress every day.


范文2


Last Tuesday Fangfang and Mingming entered the English Speech Contest in our school. What they did makes me think deeply.

Before the contest, Fangfang thought that she was good at English. So it wasn't necessary to spend lots of time preparing for the contest. What she only thought was what clothes to wear.   At last, she was too nervous to finish the contest because she didn't prepare well.

Instead, Mingming had been studying and practicing English. He also asked others for help. What's more, he hurt his leg two days before the contest. But he didn't give up. He won the contest.

I think we should learn from Mingming. Work hard and never give up.


实例2:

生活是丰富多彩的,没有爱好的人生是不完整的人生。亲爱的同学,在生活中,你有什么兴趣爱好吗?这个兴趣爱好是怎样培养起来的?它给你的生活增添了哪些色彩?请你以 “My Hobby”为题,结合自己的亲身经历写一篇短文。(词数80个左右)

要求:

1.语句通顺,合乎逻辑,书写规范。

2.文中不得出现真实的姓名和学校名称。


范文1

Reading is my hobby. When I was seven years old, one day, I read a comic book about how a girl beat a wolf. I was moved deeply by the girl. From then on I became interested in reading books.

Reading can not only kill the time, but also, more importantly, help improve my skills. And books can teach me how to be a good person. Books can also solve many problems.

In a word, reading books can make my life colorful. I will read more good books to improve myself in the future.


范文2


My favourite hobby is watching movies in the cinema. Three years ago, while I was watching the adventure 3D film Avatar in the cinema,   I was attracted by the beautiful sights. It was so creative that I enjoyed a lot. From then on, I became a movie fan.

Now, when I feel tired, I would go to the cinema. When I feel happy, I would go to the cinema, too. On the one hand, movies can make me feel relaxed. On the other hand, I can also learn a lot of knowledge from movies.

来源:初中英语,版权归原作者所有如有侵权,请联系删除!

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